Also known as: craniofacial anomalies, CFA, birth defects
What are craniofacial abnormalities?
Craniofacial is a broad medical term that describes abnormalities of the bones of the skull and face. The different abnormalities that can occur do so from different growth patterns of the face or skull and include some of the most common and rare birth defects that affect newborn babies (common; most infants with cleft lip/cleft palate
- rare; Treacher Collins
syndrome). They are also sometimes referred to as craniofacial
What causes craniofacial abnormalities?
Frequently there is no single cause; instead researchers believe that some combination of genetic factors from one or both parents, environmental factors, such as exposure to harmful chemicals, and/or a deficiency of folic acid may play a role in the development of craniofacial abnormalities.
What are the symptoms of craniofacial abnormalities?
The symptoms of craniofacial abnormalities vary widely depending on what type of craniofacial abnormality is present. They can range from very mild, to severe problems involving eye sight, hearing issues and/or learning disabilities.
What are craniofacial abnormality care options?
Treatments are available for many craniofacial abnormalities and will vary widely based on the nature of the condition. Some minor abnormalities require no medical treatment, while anomalies like cleft lip and palate can be repaired surgically. Some more serious craniofacial abnormalities may cause permanent damage, but treatments are still available that offer supportive care to the child and family. Nicklaus Children's Hospital
has a full range of Specialists to provide the best care possible for all these infants.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 11:00:40 AM
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Knowing how to swim saves lives. Swimming and water safety lessons are offered by a trained instructor for babies as young as 6 months to adolescents up to 21 years. Learn more.
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From the Newsdesk
Bianca suffered from pain and a severe bowleg deformity for many years as a result of Blount’s disease, a growth disorder that affects the bones in children and young adults.
Seeing a baby boy intubated, hooked up to a maze of machines, and with IV pumps snaking out of his tiny arms is an incredibly heartbreaking and terrifying experience. The Nicklaus Children’s staff was not only caring and friendly, but knowledgeable and explained everything to us in detail. Meeting the neurosurgery team brought us great comfort because they were confident and calm—they won our trust immediately.