Craniofacial Abnormalities

Also known as: craniofacial anomalies, CFA, birth defects

What are craniofacial abnormalities?

Craniofacial is a broad medical term that describes abnormalities of the bones of the skull and face. The different abnormalities that can occur do so from different growth patterns of the face or skull and include some of the most common and rare birth defects that affect newborn babies (common; most infants with cleft lip/cleft palate- rare; Treacher Collins syndrome). They are also sometimes referred to as craniofacial anomalies.
 

What causes craniofacial abnormalities?

Frequently there is no single cause; instead researchers believe that some combination of genetic factors from one or both parents, environmental factors, such as exposure to harmful chemicals, and/or a deficiency of folic acid may play a role in the development of craniofacial abnormalities.
 

What are the symptoms of craniofacial abnormalities?

The symptoms of craniofacial abnormalities vary widely depending on what type of craniofacial abnormality is present. They can range from very mild,  to severe problems involving eye sight, hearing issues and/or learning disabilities.
 

What are craniofacial abnormality care options?

Treatments are available for many craniofacial abnormalities and will vary widely based on the nature of the condition. Some minor abnormalities require no medical treatment, while anomalies like cleft lip and palate can be repaired surgically. Some more serious craniofacial abnormalities may cause permanent damage, but treatments are still available that offer supportive care to the child and family. Nicklaus Children's Hospital has a full range of Specialists to provide the best care possible for all these infants.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 11:00:40 AM


Upcoming Events

2018 Pediatric Autism Symposium: Ensuring Long Term Outcomes in Children Birth to Five

This one day course will include educational sessions, case studies, and panel discussions that highlight evidence-based information for managing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other related disabilities for children ages birth to 5. Learn more.

Register Online

How to Thrive at School After a Brain Tumor Diagnosis

The Nicklaus Children’s Cancer & Blood Disorders Center, together with the Brain Institute is proud to host this free event designed to deliver education, support and guidance for children diagnosed with brain tumors and their caregivers. Learn more.

Weekly Support Programs

​Swimming Lessons

Knowing how to swim saves lives. Swimming and water safety lessons are offered by a trained instructor for babies as young as 6 months to adolescents up to 21 years. Learn more.

Brain Wellness: Yoga for Kids

Participants will learn to optimize neurological potential across the developing age and care continuum, to provide other treatment modalities to optimize results, to provide options for our patients and families, to provide options for our patients and families, and more! Learn more.

Yoga for Kids

Yoga is a great way to get children active in a non- competitive environment. This one-day-a-week class is available for patients currently receiving therapy at one of our Nicklaus Children’s outpatient center locations, their siblings and children residing in our community. Learn more.

From the Newsdesk

Dental Health in Children with Seizures
Children with Seizures can present many dental problems due to the oral side effects of the seizure medications.
Meet Sandeep Davé, MD - The Division of Otolaryngology (ENT) at Nicklaus Children's Hospital
Dr. Davé is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the multispecialty group practice of Nicklaus Children’s Health System. He is chief of the PSA Section of Otolaryngology at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. Dr. Davé sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. 

Video

video
Dr. John Ragheb, director of the division of neurosurgery, with the Brain Institute at Nicklaus Children's Hospital discusses guided imaging which brings MRI technology directly into the surgical suite to enhance safety and ensure complete removal of tumors and preservation of healthy tissue.