Also known as: inflammation of the pericardium.
What is pericarditis?
The pericardium is a two thin layer sac that surrounds the heart. Normally, there is a small layer of fluid between the inner and outer layers. When the layers become inflamed, or infected, the condition is known as pericarditis.
What causes pericarditis?
In children pericarditis is often seen following cardiac surgery to correct congenital defects of the heart. Other causes include; infections (viral, bacterial, fungal or protozoan), chest injury, and other medical conditions (connective tissue/ autoimmune disorders like lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis etc.).
What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
The most prominent symptom of pericarditis is chest pain (usually described as “sharp”). Other symptoms include, low grade fever, trouble breathing, heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat, fatigue, fainting, and others.
What are pericarditis care options?
Depending on the underlying cause, treatments may include medications that reduce inflammation and antibiotics. Removal of the fluid by aspiration and surgery may be required.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 1:53:41 PM
From the Newsdesk
Children with Congential Heart Defects may require special precautions before dental cleanings and treatment.
Juan Carlos Muniz, MD of Nicklaus Children's Hospital is the Director of Cardiac Non Invasive Imaging at The Heart Program.
Call for an appointment:
U.S. (305) 662-8301
International (+01) 305 662 8281
The Heart Program provides care for more children with congenital heart disorders than any other hospital in Florida and has been ranked among the nation’s best for pediatric cardiology and heart surgery by U.S.News & World Report.
Our program doesn’t just focus on mending the heart, but on supporting the whole child in sickness and in health. From screening and prevention to safe exercise and healthy weight programs – it’s a life-long, holistic and planned approach to the care of a child living with heart disease.
It’s about a team of more than 200 specialists, nurses, technicians, therapists, and caregivers – whose unwavering commitment will give your child the best chance in health, throughout life’s journey. It’s a program of devotion, support, education and advocacy until your child transitions into adulthood, as healthy as they can be.
In this news story Dr. Kristine Guleserian, renowned heart surgeon, talk about Exparel. Exparel is a new anesthesia offering that helps cardiac patients recover faster and with less pain after heart surgery
. 13 year-old Jessica Garcia, born with a congenital heart defect (VSD
) was the first pediatric patient to use this treatment.