Also known as: inflammation of the pericardium.
What is pericarditis?
The pericardium is a two thin layer sac that surrounds the heart. Normally, there is a small layer of fluid between the inner and outer layers. When the layers become inflamed, or infected, the condition is known as pericarditis.
What causes pericarditis?
In children pericarditis is often seen following cardiac surgery to correct congenital defects of the heart. Other causes include; infections (viral, bacterial, fungal or protozoan), chest injury, and other medical conditions (connective tissue/ autoimmune disorders like lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis etc.).
What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
The most prominent symptom of pericarditis is chest pain (usually described as “sharp”). Other symptoms include, low grade fever, trouble breathing, heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat, fatigue, fainting, and others.
What are pericarditis care options?
Depending on the underlying cause, treatments may include medications that reduce inflammation and antibiotics. Removal of the fluid by aspiration and surgery may be required.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 1/11/2018 2:00:08 PM
From the Newsdesk
Meet our March Patient of the Month, Theodore. Theodore was diagnosed with cleft palate, cleft lip and a heart problem when he was only 18 weeks old. After he was born, Theodore had to be admitted into the NICU to be able to perform the necessary surgeries for him to live a healthy life.
CureDuchenne Cares and The Nicklaus Children’s Hospital Brain Institute hosted a free educational and social event for Duchenne family and caregivers. Attendees were able to learn about important DMD care topics, share their practical advice and connect with other families.