Also known as: conjoined twinning
What are conjoined twins?
The rare situation where two identical twin fetuses are connected to one another by their skin and internal organs, is known as conjoined twins or conjoined twinning. This can lead to a number of complications that vary based on the nature and severity of how the twins are joined.
What causes conjoined twins?
It has been suggested that the origin of conjoined twins is that the mother’s fertilized egg only splits partially as it starts to grow.
What are the sign/ symptoms of conjoined twins?
Signs and symptoms vary widely depending on how much and where the twins are conjoined (many are stillborn and only about a third survive one day). For example, one of the most common types is where the two twins are connected together from the upper chest to the lower chest. These twins may share a heart and perhaps liver and part of the digestive system.
What are conjoined twins care options?
Where possible, twins are surgically separated. However, this is frequently a delicate, risky, difficult and life- threatening operation, and a good outcome is not guaranteed. If the surgery
is successful, the twins typically require substantial rehabilitation
afterward in order to live a healthy life.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:06:08 PM
Dr. David Drossner, a pediatric cardiologist with The Heart Program
at Nicklaus Children's Hospital, discusses how congenital heart disease (CHD) is identifying prenatally.
From the Newsdesk
The medical staff, employees and volunteers of Nicklaus Children’s Hospital mourn the passing of our esteemed Dr. Sanjiv Bhatia, a longstanding leader and dedicated champion for children with complex medical conditions and their families.
Being told your child needs open heart surgery is frightening enough. A major concern is the pain after the procedure. Now a new type of anesthesia is proving to be a real game changer in the operating room. Jessica Garcia was born with a hole in her heart.