Testicular Tumors

Also known as: testicular cancer.

What are testicular tumors?

Testicular tumors are growths on the testicle. They occur in infant boys < 2 years of age (when they are usually benign - non-cancerous and don't spread) and after boys enter puberty (when most are malignant; cancerous and can spread).

What causes testicular tumors?
The cause of testicular cancers is unknown, however boys with an undescended testicle, are at increased risk.

What are the sign/symptoms of testicular tumors?
A painless lump/swelling/abnormal shape or hardness of the testicle are the commonest signs of a testicular tumor. They can also cause a feeling of heaviness in the testicle, an ache in the groin or abdomen, pain or discomfort, fluid retention in the scrotum or early puberty or growth of the breasts.

What are testicular tumor care options? 
Treatments for testicular tumors include surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy depending on the type of tumor present.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 5/24/2018 10:50:31 AM


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January Patient of the Month: Layla
When Layla was 5, she came to Nicklaus Children's Hospital with a severe case of scoliosis. To help straighten her spine, Layla spent time in halo gravity traction. While her mom returned home to Gainesville for work and school, the nurses at Nicklaus Children's took care of Layla, acting as substitute mothers and making sure she was well cared for.