Also known as: osteogenic sarcoma
What is osteosarcoma?
Osteosarcoma is a very common type of bone cancer
that affects older children and adolescents (boys more than girls). It usually starts in the areas of long bones that are still growing, like at the ends of the thigh, shin or upper arm (it can also affect the flat bones eg. the skull or pelvis). Many times it spreads to other areas before it's diagnosed.
What causes osteosarcoma?
The exact cause is unknown, however osteosarcomas seems to occur more often in families where a cancer has been diagnosed previously; in children previously treated with radiation for other cancers and in a few children where a gene mutation has occurred.
What are the symptoms of osteosarcoma?
Bone pain at the joints is a common symptom of osteosarcoma, as well as fractures, limping, pain when moving the bones, swelling, tenderness, redness or limited range of motion.
What are osteosarcoma care options?
After a biopsy has been performed to confirm the diagnosis, chemotherapy to shrink the tumor is often the first line of treatment for osteosarcoma. After that, surgery
can remove any remaining tumor that is present.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 1/11/2018 11:50:01 AM
From the Newsdesk
Dr. Harry Shufflebarger, Director of the Division of Spine Surgery at Nicklaus Children's Hospital is featured as part of this half hour segment in the Planet TV series for broadcast on national television.
Our 10 year old son, Ryan, tore his Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) in his left leg this past summer. I have frequently been asked, isn’t 10 years old very young to tear an ACL? Yes, for children that young, it is rare, but not unheard of. And for adolescents and teenagers, ACL injuries are occurring more frequently, likely due to early sport specialization, and the increase in travel sports and year-round training.