Giant Cell Tumor
Also known as: giant cell tumor of the bone, GCTOB
What is a giant cell tumor?
A giant cell tumor is a non-cancerous tumor (benign) that grows at the ends of the body’s long bones. Most often, it appears on the ends of bones such as the thigh bone or shin bone where they join with the knee, but can also occur at the wrist end or shoulder end of the arm bone and other sites. Though they are benign they can cause problems to surrounding bones and tissues.
What causes giant cell tumor?
Most of the time the cause is unknown, however in some rare instances, an overactive parathyroid gland may be associated with a development of a giant cell tumor.
What are the symptoms of giant cell tumor?
Pain where the tumor grows is the most frequent symptom (which gets worse with movement), though sometimes patients have no pain and the only sign is the swelling of the bone. If the bone is weakened by the tumor a fracture (break) may result.
What are giant cell tumor care options?
If no treatment is given the tumor will continue to grow. Treatments include total removal with surgery, a type of surgery known as curettage in which the tumor is scraped from the bone (a bone graft can help to stabilize the bone after this procedure), radiation, medication or a procedure known as tumor embolization where the blood supply to the tumor is blocked off.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 5/23/2018 2:34:43 PM
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Meet our July Patient of the Month, Lacy. Lacy was only 2 years old when her parents noticed that something was wrong. They took her to various doctors to try to find what could be the cause, Lacy had an 8 cm. tumor in her brain, occupying most of the lower part of her head.
From the Newsdesk
Children being treated by the Cancer & Blood Disorders Center, Neuro Oncology Program at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital and their families took part in a holiday celebration.
Dr. Toba N. Niazi, Neurosurgeon, and Dr. Ziad A. Khatib, Hematologist and Oncologist, discuss the second leading cause of cancer in children, brain tumors.