Chondrosarcoma

Also known as: chondrosarcoma cancer

What is chondrosarcoma?

Chondrosarcoma is a form of cancer that can develop in the bones and soft tissues of the body, usually in people over 20 years of age. Mostly they begin in the cells in the joints that produce cartilage. There are a number of microscopic subtypes. Common areas where chondrosarcomas grow are the bones of the arm, shoulder, knee, pelvis or thigh. They can however occur in any bone. Many are slow growing though some can be more aggressive.

What causes chondrosarcoma?
As with many cancers, the cause is frequently unknown. There are however a number of medical conditions that seem to be associated with its development. In some there may be a genetic defect, in others, radiation therapy may contribute to it.

What are the signs and symptoms of chondrosarcoma?
The telltale sign of chondrosarcoma is a large tumor on the bone. This mass may have a sensation of pressure on it, and pain and swelling can also develop. The pain frequently gets worse at night.

What are chondrosarcoma care options?
Treatment is to remove the mass with surgery; chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be necessary if the cancer has spread to the rest of the body. Physical therapy is often needed to regain strength after the procedure.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 5/23/2018 10:29:41 AM


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