Stroke disorders and hypercoagulation disorders
Also known as: cerebral arterial hemorrhage or thrombosis; sinus thrombosis, sinovenous thrombosis
What is a stroke?
A stroke is brain damage caused by either not enough blood reaching the brain due to blockage of (arterial stroke) or bleeding from blood vessels (hemorrhagic stroke) or from one or more of the large veins (sinovenous thrombosis) being blocked in the brain. Many strokes in infants/children occur soon after birth or in the first two years of life. An infant/child may have more than one stroke and many infants/children are left with neurological damage.
What causes stroke?
The causes of stroke in children are different to that of adults. Common risk factors include congenital heart defects, abnormal blood clotting, sickle cell disease or immune problems. Not infrequently no cause can be found.
What are the symptoms of stroke?
In newborns- sleepiness, seizures and difficulty moving an arm or leg are common.
In children- drowsiness, headache, nausea and vomiting, weakness in moving a limb frequently on one side of the body, difficulty speaking are common symptoms.
What are stroke care options?
Optimal treatment of stroke in infants and children can be complex and therefore requires a broad group of Specialists working together to provide the best results. Nicklaus Children's hospital will give your baby/child the opportunity to achieve his/her maximal potential.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 10:25:27 AM
Weekly Support Programs
Participants will learn to optimize neurological potential across the developing age and care continuum, to provide other treatment modalities to optimize results, to provide options for our patients and families, to provide options for our patients and families, and more! Learn more.
From the Newsdesk
Dr. John Ragheb, Director of the Division of Neurosurgery at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, is among a group of renowned physicians who developed the first evidence-based guideline in the U.S. on mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and concussions among children, published by the CDC in September.
Dr. Aaron Berger is a pediatriac hand surgeon at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. For more information about the Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Disorders Program, please visit nicklauschildrens.org/BrachialPlexus