Hereditary Neuropathy

Also known as: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, CMT, progressive neuropathic (peroneal) muscular atrophy, hereditary peroneal muscle dysfunction, neuropathy-peroneal (hereditary), hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy.

What is hereditary neuropathy?

Hereditary neuropathy is a medical term that refers to a group of different inherited  medical conditions that cause progressive loss of function (and sensation) from abnormally working nerves that carry signals from the spinal cord to muscles (peripheral nervous system). They may be diagnosed at birth or much later in life. The most common form of hereditary neuropathy is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, or CMT.  
 

What causes hereditary neuropathy?

Hereditary neuropathy is an inherited genetic disorder carried by a parent (autosomal dominant trait) and passed onto their children
 

What are the symptoms of hereditary neuropathy?

Though symptoms can vary between children (even in the same family), most will have some or all of the following; muscle weakness (especially in the ankle, foot and leg), foot deformities, curved spine or hip abnormalities,  loss of pain sensitivity , difficulty with walking, running and balance, pain, numbness, tingling and other symptoms.
 

What are hereditary neuropathy care options? 

Treatment is focused on managing symptoms and helping  children with hereditary neuropathy to live the best life possible. This can include medication, bracing, surgery and physical therapy, among other treatments.

 

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 10:05:39 AM

Weekly Support Programs

Brain Wellness: Yoga for Kids

Participants will learn to optimize neurological potential across the developing age and care continuum, to provide other treatment modalities to optimize results, to provide options for our patients and families, to provide options for our patients and families, and more! Learn more.

From the Newsdesk

Mason's Story: Nicklaus Children's Makes the Difference for Child with Traumatic Brain Injury
Seeing a baby boy intubated, hooked up to a maze of machines, and with IV pumps snaking out of his tiny arms is an incredibly heartbreaking and terrifying experience. The Nicklaus Children’s staff was not only caring and friendly, but knowledgeable and explained everything to us in detail. Meeting the neurosurgery team brought us great comfort because they were confident and calm—they won our trust immediately.
Talkin' Kids Health: Individual Education Plans
Learn about Individual Education Plans with Dr. Reshma Naidoo, Neuropsychologist and Neurorehabilitation Specialist at Nicklaus Children's Hosptial.