Brain Abscess/Subdural Empyema
Also known as: cerebral abscess, CNS abscess
What is a brain abscess?
Subdural empyema and brain abscess are serious infections of the brain where pus accumulates inside or around the brain, often as a consequence of sinusitis, ear infections, dental caries or even urine infections. These can result in severe headaches, drowsiness or seizures. An urgent intervention is often necessary. Hence a consultation or visit to the emergency room is recommended.
What causes brain abscess?
Brain abscesses occur due to an infection with bacteria, fungi or viruses, that spreads from either another close-by part of the body (for example, an ear infection); or through the bloodstream or directly through a penetrating injury to the head.
Children at increased risk for developing a brain abscess include:
Those who have a infection of the coverings of the brain (meningitis)
Children with a congenital heart defect
Chronic ear and sinus infection
Teeth and jaw infections
The presence of foreign material involving the brain (like cerebrospinal shunts)
Children who have congenital or acquired difficulty in fighting infections (immune problems)
What are the symptoms of brain abscess?
In babies and young infants, symptoms include; fever, a full/bulging fontanelle drowsiness and/or irritability, a high pitched cry, difficulty feeding, vomiting and seizures.
Older children may present with gradual or sudden; fever, vomiting, headache, seizures, stiff limbs, behavior and/personality changes and difficulty talking and walking.
What are brain abscess care options?
Depending on a number of factors, the goal of management is to diagnose and treat the problem early. Hospitalization with antibiotics, other medications depending on complications present and possibly surgery are likely. Physical, occupational and speech therapy may be required subsequently to assist the child to reach his/her full potential.
This one day course will include educational sessions, case studies, and panel discussions that highlight evidence-based information for managing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other related disabilities for children ages birth to 5.
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This workshop is designed to introduce you to a “better way” by providing an overview of Conscious Discipline® created by Dr. Becky Bailey. You will learn basic information about the human brain and about social emotional intelligence in order to have more tools to discipline your children effectively.
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Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 1:57:25 PM
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This conference is designed to provide individuals with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) and their family’s up-to-date information about the possible aspects of BWS and their management.
August 15, 2017 was the day my son Lucas was admitted to Nicklaus Children’s Hospital for purposes of treating uncontrollable seizures. After being admitted at a previous children’s hospital on three consecutive occasions and many EEGs later, we were referred to Nicklaus Children’s by a neurologist.