Glaucoma

Also known as: open-angle glaucoma, chronic glaucoma, closed-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, acute-angle

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disorder where the optic nerve gets damaged. This has serious implications for vision and can lead to blindness in many instances. Glaucoma are rare in children.


What causes glaucoma?

Increased pressure on the eye due to fluid buildup is what leads to glaucoma. Researchers aren’t exactly sure why this happens in some people but not in others, but it appears to run in families. There is also a genetic component to the disease, babies can born with glaucoma.


What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

The vision-related symptoms of glaucoma include patchy spots of blindness in the vision, as well as tunnel vision, blurred vision or halos around bright objects. It can be accompanied by eye redness and pain, as well as headache, nausea and vomiting. Many time it does not give symptoms. Regular eye examination is important, mainly in patients with family history of glaucoma.


What are glaucoma care options?

Prescription eyedrops can be used to relieve pressure on the eye and reduce the risks of glaucoma. As the disease progresses, surgery may be needed to relieve pressure on the eye.

Reviewed by: Zenia Aguilera, MD

This page was last updated on: 25/07/2017 8:46:49 a. m.

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