Also known as: Ganglio Neuroblastoma.
What is neuroblastoma?
Neuroblastoma is a form of cancer that primarily affects children. Among infants, it ranks as the most common form of cancer. The cancer forms in nerve cells called neuroblasts. It usually occurs in the adrenal glands above the kidneys, but can also start anyway along the nerves in the back. Upon presentation, many patients already have metastatic disease (disease beyond the primary tumor) that can spread anywhere in the body. More common sites of spreading- bone marrow, bone and liver.
What causes neuroblastoma?
The cause of neuroblastoma is unknown. In some forms of neuroblastoma, a genetic mutation within the cells can cause the disease. Rarely, neuroblastoma may run in families.
What are the symptoms of neuroblastoma?
Symptoms of neuroblastoma are different when the cancer affects different body parts. In the abdomen, symptoms include a lump or mass under the skin, pain, diarrhea or constipation. In the chest, children may have difficulty breathing or chest pain. When the disease spreads, the symptoms may be fever, weight loss, bone pain, fatigue, loss of appetite or dark circles around the eyes.
What are neuroblastoma care options?
Treatment for neuroblastoma can involve several different modalities intended to rid the body of cancer. Most children will need more than one therapy. They might include chemotherapy along with surgery to remove the tumor. This is usually followed by Stem cell transplant and radiation to residual disease. Immunotherapy and other cutting edge therapies have recently become standard of care as well.
Reviewed by: Kamar Godder, MD
This page was last updated on: 3/16/2018 8:22:31 AM
Camp U.O.T.S. is an annual weeklong, overnight camp for children with cancer and blood disorders who are treated at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital.
Learn more and register
When he and his family were still living in Venezuela, Juan Pablo was diagnosed with stage 4 neuroblastoma, an aggressive type of cancer. Watch Juan Pablo’s story and help us raise awareness throughout the month of September for Pediatric Cancer Awareness Month.
From the Newsdesk
Children being treated by the Cancer & Blood Disorders Center, Neuro Oncology Program at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital and their families took part in a holiday celebration.
Dr. Toba N. Niazi, Neurosurgeon, and Dr. Ziad A. Khatib, Hematologist and Oncologist, discuss the second leading cause of cancer in children, brain tumors.