Syringomyelia

Also known as: SM, congenital syringomyelia with Chiari malformation, Morvan disease

What is syringomyelia?

Syringomyelia is a rare chronic condition where fluid forms a cyst (syrinx) in the spinal cord. This cavity can grow or expand over time and lead to a number of complications. A condition related to syringomyelia is hydrosyringomyelia/ hydromyelia, where the normal small canal running through the spinal cord is enlarged.


What causes syringomyelia? 

The cause/s are unclear. Syringomyelia may be congenital or acquired.Rare cases are familial. Congenital syringomyelia almost always occurs along with a birth defect of the brain known as a Chiari malformation. With this malformation, part of the brain is lower than it should be, which disrupts the flow of spinal fluid and leads to the development of a syrinx. Acquired syringomyelia may occur result from an injury, infection, a tumor or other medical condition.


What are the symptoms of syringomyelia? 

Tingling, numbness, weakness, pain, a loss of sensitivity, a misshapen spinal cord and even paralysis are all potential complications of syringomyelia.


What are syringomyelia care options?

If there are no symptoms, monitoring the condition may be all that is needed. If symptoms occur surgery is typically required to stabilize or improve symptoms and several types of treatment are available.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/17/2017 11:46:05 AM

From the Newsdesk

Autism Spectrum Disorder Report on Global and United States Market Analysis And Industry Overview Report 2017-2022
07/26/2017 — The market research report provides an in-depth analysis of the major AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER industry leading players along with the company profiles and strategies adopted by them.
Did Oxygen Therapy Really 'Reverse' Child's Brain Damage? Experts Are Skeptical
07/24/2017 — Eden Carlson experienced brain damage after she nearly drowned in a swimming pool. A controversial report claims that oxygen therapy reversed her brain damage, but experts are very skeptical.

Back
To Top